As you age,
the connective tissues of the intra vertebral undergoes changes and deteriorates
naturally. This degeneration of the disc in the moving segments of spine
like the cervical and the lumbar disc, causes problem to some people making
it impossible for them to do even their normal activities. Degenerative
disk surgery is the answer to this problem when other treatments fail.
and Symptoms of Degenerated Disc
cervical disc problems have neck pain and occur when the person moves
the head or even when they sit upright. The pain is lessened when they
stretch out or lie down. The cervical root nerves stimulate the pain to
the back of the head, hands and arms.
The person has numbness, burning sensation and tingling in these areas.
In some cases, the degenerated disc causes severe headaches.
The degeneration of the lumbar disc causes back pain and the person experiences
severe pain while sitting. Walking, standing for a longer period, bending
and lifting objects becomes very painful for them.
The related nerve root pains are numbness, burning, tingling and pain
from the buttocks and lower back to the leg are some of the problems suffered
by people with lumbar disc degeneration.
Surgery is the solution for this degenerated disc when physical therapies
and medications do not have any impact on the person to relieve the pain.
When there is multilevel disc degeneration, surgery is not opted as the
fusion treatment will make the person lose too much mobility of spine.
Surgery is not the solution for degenerated disc in the older people as
they do not have the strength to recover from the surgery like the young
people. However, depending on the condition of deterioration and the age
of the person, doctor is the best person to decide on the surgery.
A person should immediately go for surgery when they have loss of control
over bowel and bladder and when they experience the Cauda Equina syndrome.
The traditional type of surgery for degenerative disc consists of two
Removal of the part that is causing pain to the person in which the surgeon
removes the tissue that presses on the nerve that is called the decompression
Fusion of the spine to control movement, which is called the stabilization
surgery.Usually the fusion and the stabilization surgery is done simultaneously.
The latest technology has new surgical option where the degenerated disc
is removed and an artificial disc is inserted in its place.
This relieves the person of the pain and keeps them mobile. The complications
and risks that go with this degenerative disc surgery are:
Damage to the spinal cord or the nerves
The bony fusion does not heal
Pain and swelling in the leg veins
The patients problem does not improve
Complications bring about more problems and more surgeries, so it is best
to have an open talk with the surgeon, know the risks and side effects
of the surgery taking the severity of the condition into account before
deciding for this degenerative disc surgery.