Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery

ventricular septal defect

What is Ventricular Septal Defect?
Ventricular Septal Defect is a small opening or hollow surface found close to wall that exists between heart’s right ventricle and heart’s left ventricle. Ventricular Septal Defect is also termed as Interventricular

Septal Defect or simply VSD.

What are the symptoms of Ventricular Septal Defect?

• Common symptoms are shortness of breath, hard breathing and fast breathing.

• Other symptoms are fast heart beat rate, weight loss, respiratory infections, sweating and paleness.

• The patient may also feel very weak and fatigue.

• If it is very small defect then a loud murmur will be the main symptom found.

• If the opening in the wall is very large then symptoms common to heart failure can also be found.

Need for Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery

In normal functioning heart, the blood that reaches the atrium at the right flows to right ventricle and then it flows to the lungs. Blood is then enriched with oxygen and then pumps to left atrium and then flows to the left ventricle and finally pumped to the aorta to distribute to the parts of the body.

In heart affected by Ventricular Septal Defect, a hole is found between the walls of right ventricle and the left ventricle and as a result there is chance for the movement of blood from left ventricle to right ventricle. Thus there is a mixture of oxygen rich and oxygen poor blood when it is directed to the lungs. A cardiologist finds an extra sound while examining the heart beat and it is referred as heart murmur and this gives a sign that the patient has Ventricular Septal Defect.

Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery Procedure

Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery is an open heart surgery done under general anesthesia. This surgery mainly includes patching and plugging of the opening of wall between the ventricles. An incision is made in the chest and a heart-lung instrument is used here and stitches are made to close the hole in the heart. The hole may also be closed by a small mesh using a catheter. There is a growth of tissues around the mesh and forms a seal permanently. Medical checkup is very much needed even after the surgery to check the healing of the heart.

Complications after Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery

• After surgery, the patient may have cardiac arrhythmias caused by the scar tissues.

• Heart failure in patients is also found.

• Few patients experience bacterial infection in heart after the surgery.

• The lungs may experience high blood pressure leading to failure of a portion of the heart.

| Complications and Risks Involved in an Open-heart Surgery | Cost of Valve Replacement Surgery | Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Complications | Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Survival Rate | Minimally Invasive Bypass Surgery | Mitral Valve Regurgitation Surgery | Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery | Patent Ductus Arteriosus Surgery | Recovery from Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery | Recovery from Valve Replacement Surgery | Surgery for thoracic aortic aneurysm-A Summary | Valve Replacement Surgery Risks | What is Bypass Heart Surgery? | Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery |


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