Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Complications

heart valve replacement surgery complications

If a patient has recently undergone Heart Valve Replacement Surgery, then he must strictly adhere to the instructions provided by the surgeon and take medications as prescribed. After Heart Valve Replacement Surgery, several complications might occur.

The patient should be aware of these Heart Valve Replacement Surgery complications and take appropriate measures to prevent him from the complications.

Occurrence of Heart Valve Replacement Surgery complications depends upon various factors like age of the patient, severity of the disease in the patient, expertise of the surgeon and much more.

Certain Heart Valve Replacement Surgery complications are very severe and may even lead to death. Hence it is recommended that the patient must know the risks / complications and benefits of Heart Valve Replacement Surgery before undergoing it.

Listed below are the major and commonly occurring Heart Valve Replacement Surgery complications:

Neurological Complications: The Heart Valve Replacement Surgery may lead to neurological problems such as: hoarseness, memory attention, learning the disturbances, movement disorders, mental agility, paralysis, concentration problems, etc. 1% to 5% of patients may also get stroke. Complications such as paraplegia, peripheral nerve dysfunction might occur during aortic valve replacement surgery.

Kidney Failure: During Heart Valve Replacement Surgery, a heart-lung bypass machine will be used while the heart is stopped to function. Usage of heart-lung bypass machine may lead to complications.

The risk percentage of using this machine is 1%-20% depending upon various factors concerned with patients. Since the blood has to contact with a foreign body during surgery, some inflammatory response may occur to the whole body. This response might lead to kidney damage and cause serious problems such as reduced urine output and renal failure.

Other Common Heart Valve Replacement Surgery complications:

• During the surgery, the heart is manipulated and this may damage the heart conduction system leading to abnormal heart rhythms.

• Major or minor bleeding may occur either during or after the surgery.

• Blood clots can occur and lead to attack, stroke or lung problems.

• Leakage might occur around the valve.

• Infection of the valve might occur at the incision site.

• Irregularity may occur in the function of heart beat.

• Pneumonia, anemia, breathing problems may occur.

• Pregnant ladies or breastfeeding ladies or ladies suspecting Pregnancy should inform the surgeon earlier and change the medications. If not, other complications might occur.

| Complications and Risks Involved in an Open-heart Surgery | Cost of Valve Replacement Surgery | Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Complications | Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Survival Rate | Minimally Invasive Bypass Surgery | Mitral Valve Regurgitation Surgery | Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery | Patent Ductus Arteriosus Surgery | Recovery from Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery | Recovery from Valve Replacement Surgery | Surgery for thoracic aortic aneurysm-A Summary | Valve Replacement Surgery Risks | What is Bypass Heart Surgery? | Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery |


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