Tonsillectomy is the process of surgical removal of tonsils. Tonsils are
glands found in throat which helps to fight against infections. In few
cases, the tonsils are found to be very and very often infected hence
they refuse to fight against infections.
In such cases the tonsils are advised to be removed. If necessary the
procedure of tonsillectomy is combined with the removal of another set
of glands of the throat which is termed as adenoidectomy. This is mostly
found in children and adults who are badly affected by breathing problems.
Surgical Procedure is performed?
Usually the tonsils are very helpful to protect from infections but children
and adults may have ear infections as well as sore throat due to the presence
of large tonsils. Doctor may suggest for tonsillectomy if the patient
has infections very often or if the patient has breathing problems or
if the patient shows some growth in the tonsils.
Mostly, tonsillectomy is considered as an outpatient procedure that is
the patient is allowed to go home when he is fully awake after the surgery.
Initially general anesthesia is given to the patient and the surgery usually
takes less than one hour.
The patient is then incubated through nose where in a tube is inserted
through the nose and it is passed down to the airway and thus the mouth
is kept undisturbed for the surgery to be done. The mouth is held by using
an instrument which helps the surgeon to do the procedures without the
problem caused to the teeth. A scalpel or a heated instrument is used
to cut away the tonsils and the bleeding is controlled.
Using the same procedure an adenoidectomy can also be done if it is very
necessary. Once the tonsils are completely removed and the bleeding is
stopped, the surgery gets completed. Then the anesthesia is stopped and
the patient is made awake by giving a drug. When the patient is awake
and the patient can breathe properly, the breathing tube is removed.
Then the patient is taken to post anesthesia care unit and care is given
till the patient wakes up completely.
Complications after Tonsillectomy Surgical Procedure
Very severe bleeding can be found after the surgery. Such situations
have to be immediately discussed with the Doctor.
Infection is the other problem found which is treated using antibiotics.
In few patients, voice changes can be noticed which is permanent.