Prostate surgery options

Enlarged prostate is referred to as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) in the medical terms. This is the non cancerous enlargement of prostate. This is one of the most common problems faced by the men as they age. To combat this problem, often prostate surgery is done.

The first type of surgery is Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP). It is also referred to as “Roto-Rooter Surgery”. It is one of the most common surgeries and anesthesia is administered to the patient before his surgery. After this, the enlarged part of the tissue is removed which is responsible for obstructing the flow of the urine. It accounts for about 95% of the surgeries and relieves the patient of BPH. It’s quite effective and you need not worry about the side effects.

Open Prostatectomy is another type of surgery that can be done. This is basically required for those who have very enlarged prostates. An incision is made in the abdomen and excess prostate tissue is removed. However, the patient has to have a longer stay in the hospital and suffer some of its side effects. These include ejaculation problems, bleeding, even heart attack and stroke.

Transurethral Electro vaporization of the Prostate (TUVP) is yet another type of surgery. In this an electrode is used to vaporize and destroy the enlarged part of the tissue. However, this requires a short stay in the hospital.

Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy (TUMT) is another option available nowadays. In this the prostate tissue is effectively “cooked” by microwave heat. After 3 to 6 months, the dead issue gets removed and there is an improvement in the condition of the patient.

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA) is a surgical attempt to bake the enlarged prostate tissue by microwave needles. This type of treatment is quite rare. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFA) is another tissue cooker type of surgery. In this an ultrasound probe is placed in the rectum where the enlarged tissue is heated to about 90 degrees.

Laser treatment is one of the most common types of treatment which people undergo nowadays. A laser is put through the urethra into the prostate. The laser beams are used to destroy the overgrowth. Several energy shots are applied to the area lasting for 30 to 60 seconds after which the tissue is destroyed and shrinks. The side effects relating to erection problems are less in case of laser treatment as compared to other treatments. However it can pose a risk of acute urinary retention.

The doctors recommend that the surgical treatment is better for this condition. It provides a long lasting solution. However, there are many complications that can arise out of this. Surgery is recommended for those who are not affected by medication. So it is best to consult a doctor before getting any treatment done. I am sure he would be able to get a clearer view of the situation and suggest you the best alternative. You can even search online and find the best solution of your problem.

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