Ostomy Reversal Surgery

What is Ostomy?

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The word Ostomy is originated from the Latin word ostium, which means surgically created cut / opening in the body for body wastes discharge.

What is Ostomy Reversal Surgery?

This surgery is basically done to provide an alternate way to remove the waste from a person’s body when the urinary or digestive system malfunctions. The main cause of this surgery involves familial polyposis, injuries to the digestive or urinary tract, diseases like Crohns disease, bladder cancer, and bowel cancer and so on. Birth defects and other inherited conditions can also be the reasons. In Ostomy reversal surgery, an abdominal opening is made after bowel surgery.

Types of Ostomy Reversal Surgery

An overview on 4 different types of Ostomy Reversal Surgery is provided below:

Colostomy: In colostomy an opening is created in the large intestine which may result in a stoma. Then a part of the colon or rectum is removed. Further classification includes:

Temporary Colostomy: Temporary colostomy helps the lower portion of the colon to heal and may have one or two openings in which one opening will discharge only mucus.

Permanent Colostomy: It includes loss of a part of the colon, mostly the rectum and the end of the part is taken out to abdominal wall for formation of stoma.

Sigmoid or Descending Colostomy: In this ostomy reversal surgery, end of the sigmoid colon is brought to the lower left hand side of abdomen.

Loop Colostomy: It is done in the transverse colon which has a stoma with two openings. First opening discharges stool and second opening discharges mucus.

Ascending Colostomy: In this type of surgery, a rare opening is made in the ascending portion of the colon which is on right hand side of abdomen.

Transverse Colostomy: This surgery requires one or two openings and the openings will be mainly located in the upper, middle or right side of the abdomen.

Ileostomy: In Ileostomy, an opening is created in the small intestine mostly at the end of the ileum and then colon is partially or completely removed. It is further classified as:

• Ileoanal Reservoir (J-Pouch): In this surgery the colon and most of the parts of rectum are removed surgically and then internal pouch is created out of the ileum.

• Continent Ileostomy (Kock Pouch): Reservoir pouch is made inside the abdomen and a valve is made in the pouch which has a catheter or pouch attached.

Urostomy: In this surgery a part at the end of small bowel is removed and a passage way is created for urine to divert away from a diseased bladder.

Continent Urostomy: In Continent Urostomy, a pouch is made within abdomen by means of small or large bowel portion and then a valve is created in the pouch. A stoma is then brought through abdominal wall and catheter is inserted daily for the removal of urine from the reservoir.

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| Ileo anal Pouch Surgery: Cause, Complication, and Care | Ileostomy Reversal Surgery | Intestinal Resection Surgery of the Large and Small Intestines | Ostomy Reversal Surgery |


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