Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery

What is Umbilical Hernia?



Hernia is a bulge or a tear in the abdominal muscle. Umbilical hernia is a type of hernia complaint that occurs around navel. Umbilical hernia is more common in women and children. Obesity, heavy lifting, lung disease (long history of cough), multiple pregnancies are the main causes. These factors increase Intra abdominal pressure thus resulting in umbilical hernia.

What is Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery

Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery is a modern day surgery mainly used to examine or perform minor operation. Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery is performed through a small incision.

It equips flexible fiber optic instrument, biopsy forceps, and scissors. It is also known as minimally invasive repair. Major advantages of Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery when compared to Open Umbilical Hernia Surgery are: (1) Less Pain (2) Shorter Surgery Time (3) Early recovery after the surgery (4) Very small incision.

Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery Procedure

Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery is generally performed using Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Repair procedure.

In this surgical procedure, prosthetic mesh plays a major role. Prosthetic mesh is a synthetic material made up of absorbable sutures. It is placed under the hernia defect area. This prosthetic mesh is supported by structures and several small tacks making sure no abdominal contents are sliding under it.

To undergo Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery, patient can be admitted on the day of surgery. Different tests are made from anesthesia to CT scan (abdomen and pelvis) to make sure that patient is fit for the surgery. Patient will not be allowed to take any form of food before certain hours. Number of intestinal bacteria can be considerably reduced by evacuating the colon.

Local anesthesia is widely used for this laparoscopic surgery. Spinal anesthesia is also an option. A small hole is made near patient’s belly button through which camera attached telescope is inserted. Two more holes are made for surgical gauges in the lower abdomen.

The affected part is reinforced with the prosthetic mesh. Prosthetic mesh is firmly placed using titanium tacks, staples and tissue glues. After surgery, patient is given IV narcotics to subside the pain. And from next day, oral pain killers can be continued.

Risk factors in Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Surgery

• There are thin chances for urinary bladder, sperm tube, blood vessels and intestine to get injured.

• After surgery, difficulty in urinating is usual and it can be treated by allowing a temporary tube in the urinary bladder.

• There are chances for re-occurrence of hernia even after repairing it through this surgery.



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