Bypass Heart Surgery Operation Procedure
there may be some blocks in the arteries and there is a necessity to bypass these
arteries and reroute the blood by bypassing these blocked arteries. A surgery
performed in the heart to bypass a blocked or clogged artery is called a bypass
heart surgery operation.
In a bypass heart surgery operation procedure the artery that is under treatment is detached and attached to the area below the blocked area. The bypass heart surgery operation can also be done by using a vein from your leg to bypass the blocked artery. In both of these methods the intention of the bypass heart surgery operation is to bypass the blocked area of the artery so that there is smooth flow of blood in the artery.
Depending on the number of blocks in the artery any number of bypass grafts can be done. During a bypass surgery a heart-lung machine is used as a substitute for the heart to pump blood so that a bypass heart surgery operation can be performed on the patient. Now surgeons are also performing a bypass heart surgery operation procedure without the need for a heart-lung machine even while the heart beats continuously.
This method is called the off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) heart surgery. in such a OPCAB surgery it is found that blood transfusion is reduced drastically since there is not much bleeding. It is also found that renal complications and neurological deficits are reduced with OPCAB.
After a bypass heart surgery operation the patient is monitored for up to 24 hours continuously. The heart rate and the blood pressure are monitored. A breathing tube is used to breathe. Usually the patient is required to stay up to a week in the hospital after the surgery. The need to stay in the hospital varies with each patient and the type of surgery that is performed in the patient.
Painkillers are administered to the patient to relieve them from the pain due to the surgery. Side effects like fatigue and difficulty in sleeping are common in those patients. Constipation, muscle pain, and swelling in the area from where the vein is removed are common to the bypass heart surgery patients.