Back Disc Spinal Fusion Surgery

Back pain due to disc slippage or damaged discs pinching nerves is a very severe pain. Lot of minor back pain occur due to old age or due to the back being affected by lifting or handling very heavy objects. These can normally be cured by rest or minor physiotherapy. But chronic and severe back pain that does not respond to treatments should be handled through back surgery.
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Disc back surgery is used in cases where the discs of the spinal cord are the cause of the pain. The spinal cord is made of a column of bones (vertebrae) that are connected by flexible portions called discs. These discs can be damaged due to a lot of reasons and the so disc back surgery is required to repair these and thus reduce the pain.

During the disc surgery on the back (also called spine fusion surgery), an initial surgery is done on the patient to remove healthy bones from another part of the body, usually the hip area. These bone chips are processed and used during the disc back surgery. During the back surgery, the damaged disc is removed and the processed bone graft is placed in the gap from where the disc has been removed.

These bones grow and fuse the vertebrae together. In this kind of disc surgery, it is common for the patients to experience severe pain after the back surgery, in the place of the bone graft. This pain sometimes continues even after the back pain has been cured. Recent advancement in fusion surgery, make use of genetically modified protein. These are used in place of the bone graft and are packed and placed in a cage which is used to fill the gaps during in the disc during the back surgery.

This procedure ensures that the first surgery to get the bone chips is not required at all. Artificial disc is also available these days and these are being increasingly used in back surgery.
The use of minimally invasive procedures like endoscopy, laser treatments have also made the disc back surgery simpler. The surgeon does not have to make large incisions, but can make use of a small hole to send in the endoscope.

Muscles are dilated rather than stripped, in order to guide the tube to the required locations. The video camera attached to the tip of the endoscope takes and projects large scale images of the inner areas that enables a surgeon to get a better understanding of the problem areas and the exact problem that is being treated.

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